Ládjogahpir – Foremother’s horn hat


Alážis / At the Top
Gahpiraš / Sweet Hat Mountain

2018, lithography, 10 edition, printed by Tamarind Institute, New Mexico
photos: Ari Karttunen / EMMA

Máttáráhku ládjogahpir – Foremother’s horn hat 

Pieski investigates the history and world view of Sámi culture through the history of handcraft. She has studied the history of the horn hat traditionally worn by Sámi women. The hat was used widely in the northern part of the Sámi region but for various reasons its use waned in the late 19th century. Pieski has studied the horn hat together with Eeva-Kristiina Harlin, an archeologist, in the project “Ládjogahpir Dálvadasas – Foremother’s Horn Hat”. In addition to researching museum archives and old traditions, they studied the hat-making methods and taught them to others in order to revitalise the use of this once-forgotten garment. Pieski is interested in how change in the visual appearance of the hat reflects historical events and changes in the status of Sámi women. In the artist’s work, community activism and art are inseparable.

Nyt se Golle-Gádja kohtaa Suomen presidentin – Esiäidin mahtilakki – Ládjogahpir Dálvadasas

Ládjogahpir Dálvadasas – Sámi nissonat soite hilgut ládjogahpira daningo dan mearkkašupmi nuppástuvai

Ruoktut máhccan / Homecoming
2018, two photographs

Whose hair, strength, bear’s hair
2018, photograph

Iehčanas vuoigatvuohta leat ja lieđđut / Independent Right to Exist and Flourish
2018, acrylic on canvas205×139 cm
Photo: Ari Karttunen / EMMA

Rematriation – Return to Mother
2018, acrylic on canvas, 80 x 120cm
photo: Ari Karttunen / EMMA

Matriarkáhta vai biručoarvi / Matriarchy or Devil’s Horn
2018, photograph

Subjeavttat dutkamuša vuolde / Subjects of Research
2018, photograph

Nuvvos Áilegas lágalaš riektesubjeaktan / Sacred Mountain as a Legal Person
2018, acrylic on canvas, gilt metal, 139 x 205cm
photo: Ari Karttunen / EMMA

Deatnu, máttožan / Deatnu River, Our Ancestor
2018, acrylic on canvas, 130 x 122cm
photo: Ari Karttunen / EMMA

Kolonialisttalaš metamorfosa 1852 / Colonialist Metamorphosis 1852
2018, mixed media, three parts
photo: Ari Karttunen / EMMA

Made by anonymous / Foremothers horn hat
A Sámi horn hat from Dálvadas village, Utsjoki. Purchased in 1902 by Theodor Schvindt from Gádjá-Nillá (Nils Vuolab) and his sister Gádjá-Máret (Marith Rasmus, née Vuolab, former Pieski). The horn hat was probably used by Outi Pieski´s foremother Golle Gáddjá (Kajsa Josefsdatter Poini)  1817–1865.
The National Museum of Finland, Antell Collection

photo: Ari Karttunen / EMMA

Outi Pieski. Cuolmmadit. EMMA 12.9.2018 – 6.1.2019. Photos: Ari Karttunen / EMMA